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Journal of Applied Genetics 50(3), 2009, pp. 245-250

Cloning of profilin (FcPFN) from the shrimp Fenneropenaeus chinensis, a highly expressed protein in white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)-infected shrimp

H. J. Kong, G-E. Hong, H. K. Cho, B-H. Nam, Y-O. Kim, W-J. Kim, S-J. Lee, K-K. Kim


Abstract: We isolated and characterized the profilin (FcPFN) cDNA from hemocytes of Fenneropenaeus chinensis, a unique shrimp species from the Yellow Sea. The FcPFN cDNA consists of 830 bp and encodes a polypeptide of 125 amino acids, having a predicted isoelectric point of 5.06. The deduced amino acid sequence of FcPFN shows 36% and 90% amino acid sequence identity to the profilin genes of Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei and black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon, respectively. The FcPFN mRNA was highly expressed in hemocytes and hepatopancreas and moderately in muscle of normal shrimp. The higher expression of FcPFN mRNA is observed in shrimp infected with the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), which is a major concern in all shrimp-growing regions of the world. These results suggest a potential role for FcPFN in viral host defense mechanisms.

Key words: Fenneropenaeus chinensis, host defense, profilin, shrimp, white spot syndrome virus

Correspondence: H. J. Kong, Biotechnology Research Institute, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute, 408-1 Sirang-ri, Gijang-up, Gijang-gun, Busan 619-705, Republic of Korea; e-mail: konghj@nfrdi.go.kr; heejkong@hotmail.com

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