JOURNAL OF
APPLIED GENETICS
        
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Journal of Applied Genetics 49(4), 2008, pp. 421-424

A novel genotype c.1228C>G/c.1448C-1498C (L371V/Rec-NciI) in a 3-year-old child with type 1 Gaucher disease

Nabil A. Yassin, Samar A. Muwakkit, Ahmad O. Ibrahim, Imad M. Kayim, Mohammad-Zohair M. Habbal, Nabil M. Chamseddine, Khaled M. Musallam, Ali I. Shamseddine


Abstract: Gaucher disease (GD) is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism, resulting from a deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase, causing an accumulation of the glycolipid glucocerebroside within lysosomes of macrophages in the reticuloendothelial system. Three major clinical forms have been assigned and more than 200 gene mutations have been identified. We herein report a Lebanese boy born with a novel combined mutation L371V/Rec-NciI, who presented with moderate-severe type 1 GD. An overview of the clinical and biomarker improvement following enzyme replacement therapy with imiglucerase is described in a follow-up of 30 months. Imiglucerase seems to be efficacious in decreasing the severity of the disease associated with this mutation. However, a high dose may be required to achieve optimal growth, platelet count, and hemoglobin level

Key words: Gaucher disease, genotype, imiglucerase, L371V, phenotype, Rec-NciI.

Correspondence: S.A. Muwakkit, Children's Cancer Center, Department of Pediatrics, American University of Beirut Medical Center, P.O. Box: 11-0236, Riad El Solh 1107 2020, Beirut - Lebanon; e-mail: sm03@aub.edu.lb; kmm06@aub.edu.lb

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