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Journal of Applied Genetics 41(4), 2000, pp. 221-236

Genetic and environmental correlation and path coefficient analysis of fruit yield per bush and other traits in black currants (Ribes nigrum L.)

Wieslaw MADRY, Stanislaw PLUTA, Edward ZURAWICZ


Abstract: Twenty-five F1 hybrid families of black currants (Ribes nigrum L.) originating from diallel crosses of five cultivars were assessed. Phenotypic correlation coefficient between full-sib family means (rFS), genetic correlation coefficient between full-sib family expected values (rG) and the environmental correlation were estimated on the basis of two years of observations for 12 quantitative characteristics studied. Evident repeatability of correlations in both years was proved. A considerable consistence between the values of genetic and phenotypic correlation coefficients was also observed. Coefficients of phenotypic and environmental correlation were significant for many pairs of traits. Most of the significant environmental correlation coefficients were found for the same pairs of characteristics for which phenotypic correlation coefficients were significant. This shows that genetic and environmental factors affected similar traits. Fruit yield expressed the largest number of significant correlations with other traits. Path coefficient analysis indicated that plant and berry size were the main factors influencing directly fruit yield in both years. It was proved that the number and length of one-year-old shoots via bush size had very large indirect effects on fruit yield per plant.

Key words: black currant, correlation coefficients, diallel cross, path coefficient analysis, Ribes nigrum.

Correspondence: W. Madry, Department of Agriculture Development and Economics, Bialystok University of Technology, ul. Zambrowska 16, 16-516 Bialystok, Poland, e-mail: wieslaw.madry@omega.sggw.waw.pl